fine motor skills

Fine Motor Skills: Milestones Checklist, 0-2 yrs

Fine motor skills are an important part of child development. They prepare children not only for writing, an everyday skill, but also for eating, dressing, and other important self-help skills. Here are some skills your child 0-2 years old should be exhibiting:

Birth to 3 months

  • Hand to Mouth
  • Reflexive grasp (Place a finger in your child’s palm. Child should automatically hold your finger)
  • Visually Tracking High contrast toys (Red, black, and white have been shown to be the most intriguing to this group). Tracking center (midline) to side (both left and right)

3-6 months

  • Swipes at dangling objects
  • Follows moving objects with eyes (3-5 seconds is a typical attention span)
  • Recognizes bottle
  • Grasp and shakes rattle

6-9 months

  • Raking small objects
  • Clapping
  • Poking finger in hole
  • Transfer object from one hand to another
  • Explores toys with hands and mouth

9-12 months

  • Pincer grasp (a three finger approach to picking up things like cheerios)
  • Removes socks
  • Removes 2-3 pegs from peg board
  • Puts objects in and takes them out of containers
  • 30 second visual and auditory attention span

fine motor skills

12-24 months

  • Opens book, turns single page
  • Tapping spoon
  • Helps with dressing
  • Plays quietly 5-10 minutes
  • 5 minute plus attention span with a single toy
  • Stacks 2-6 blocks
  • Dumps objects out of a container
  • Scribbles in imitation of vertical stroke
  • Inserts three shapes into shape sorter
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